The Jungle of Diets
Difficult to find yourself in all the diets at the moment! Especially since some are totally wacky, even dangerous if they are followed in longer term! So how do we get there? In this article, we will give a brief overview of the main schemes proposed today.
Low calorie diets:
The principle: the food intake is reduced, so that the organism draws from its reserves. The goal is to reduce the amount of food consumed during meals, but also the consumption of sugars and fats. However, the diet remains balanced, with common sense advice such as: not snacking, not skipping meals, choosing suitable cooking methods (steam, grill, oven …).
Our opinion: based on basic principles, this diet is simple in appearance. However, if it lasts too long, the body eventually gets used to eating less. It adapts by spending less energy to function. Weight loss can stop. In addition, if the amount of calories is too low, you can suffer from vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and fatigue.
It should also be noted that this type of diet is not always accompanied by useful recommendations to choose the right carbohydrates (low glycemic index) and lipids that will promote the weight loss and the stabilization of it. For the biggest eaters, a feeling of hunger can quickly appear, with a risk of compulsions.
High protein diets:
The principle: this type of regime is always based on several phases. The first, and the most specific, is composed almost exclusively of proteins of animal origin, the objective is to quickly melt fat reserves. Proteins have the advantage of preserving muscle mass and increasing satiety.
Our opinion: these diets are very unbalanced since they privilege a single type of nutrient: the proteins. So, there is very often a deficiency in carbohydrates, in lipids, but especially in vitamins and minerals.
In addition, high-protein diets are thought to prevent muscle wasting, which is not true if they are not accompanied by regular physical activity. Finally, increased protein intake increases the production of uric acid (protein waste), which can accumulate in the joints, tendons and cause kidney fatigue if the drink consumed is not sufficient.
Yes, but what should we do? Easy, just prefer a balanced diet!